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Heritage Trail project

Heritage Trail: Banchang Hutong 板厂胡同

Banchang Hutong

During the Qing Dynasty, Banchang Hutong fell under the jurisdiction of the Bordered Yellow Banner. It was called “Banchang Hutong” (with “chang” written as “肠”) during the Qianlong Era and “Banchang” (with the character “厂”) during the reign of Emperor Xuantong. Its name changed several times in the following years, finally reverting back to “Banchang Hutong” (with the character “厂”) in 1979. Banchang Hutong starts at South Jiaodaokou Street at  the east, and ends at Nanluo Guxiang at the west. Odd address numbers range from 3 to 29, while the even address numbers range from 2 to 34, although number 30 is not present. Shortly after liberation, the hutong played home to the North Korean embassy. Today there are two district-level sites of special preservation, as well as Jiaodaokou Police Station, Lusongyuan Hostel, and a date tree with more than one hundred years of history. The rest of the hutong is primarily residential.

The back entrance of Prince Sengge Rinchen’s Mansion

The back entrance of Prince Sengge Rinchen’s Mansion

Cultural Heritage Protection Sites:

30 and 32 courtyards on the south side of Banchang Hutong in Jiaodaokou, Dongcheng District were originally part of Prince Sengge Rinchen’s Mansion.  The mansion was not completed all at once, but was instead gradually constructed over time, with its main entrance on Chaodou Hutong. Upon completion, the mansion took up almost the entirety of Chaodou Hutong, and the current 30 and 32 courtyards at Banchang Hutong are merely the rear half of the west courtyard of the original mansion.

30 Banchang Hutong consists of two quadrangles. In the south courtyard, there is a double-faceted chuihua Gate with a short-cut corridor and three wing rooms on both the east and the west. The north courtyard has three principle rooms, a front corridor, a protruding baosha room at the back, and two rooms on each side. Each roof is constructed with gray cylindrical tiles and hooped ridges. The courtyard found today at number 32 is the former most northern quadrangle, which has three principal rooms and three wing rooms, each with gray cylindrical roof tiles.

Banchang Hutong

27 Banchang Hutong was originally a huge mansion constructed in the late Qing Dynasty, although it has since been divided into numbers 27 and 29 quadrangles. Number 27 is a three-unit quadrangle, which has one gate with a screen wall (ying bi) inside, four screen gates (shan ping men) on the west, six posterior shielding rooms (hou zhao men), each with the classic roof structure (hewa qingshuiji). The entrances are chuihua gates engraved with flowers, and the short-cut corridors have upside-down lintels with intricate and elegant carvings on each side. Inside the courtyard there are three principal rooms and two rooms on each side, in which there are wooden partition boards and flower tiles on the floor. There are also three wing rooms on both the east and west sides, each with the classic roof structure indicative of the lower nobility. There was a screen door located on the west corridor that provided access to the number 29 quadrangle, but it has now since been blocked. One can enter the rear courtyard through a circular “moon” gate (yueliang men) on the north end of the west corridor, where there are seven posterior shielding rooms with the aforementioned classic roof structure. The architecture maintains its original form and appearance, except with regards to the screen door on the west side of the main entrance, which was torn down at an earlier date. Today, the compound serves as a dormitory.

Works Cited:

Li Tiesheng, Zhang Endong, Chi Zhiqun, and Yu Yongjun, Nan Luo Gu Xiang Shi Hua

Wang Lin, Shiyong Beijing Jiexiang Zhinan 

Dongcheng District Culture and Cultural Heritage Bureau, Beijing Mingsheng Guji Cidian

Yue Han, “Siheyuan li de tang feng jin yun,” Zhongguo Dianzi Shangwu, May 2006

Back to Nanluoguxiang area

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