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Shajing Hutong 沙井胡同

Exterior of 17 Shajing Hutong

Exterior of 17 Shajing Hutong

Introduction:

Shajing Hutong runs east-west, with a bend in the west section, Nanluoguxiang in the East, just southwest of Nanchiwazi Hutong, and to the north of Jingyang Hutong, to the south of Heizhima Hutong.  The entire length of the hutong is 294 meters, the average width 6 meters, the addresses on the two sides run from 3-31 and 2-26, missing number 1.  In the Ming dynasty it was part of Zhaohui Jing Gong Fang, an administrative area, and was called Shajiajing Hutong, or the Sha Family Well Hutong.  During the Qing dynasty it fell under the control of the Bordered Yellow Banner.  During the reign of Qianlong it had the same name, but during the time of Emperor Xuantong (Puyi) the alley was known as Shajing Hutong and this name has remained until today.

Kun Chui Old Residence (15 Shajing Hutong)

Shajing Hutong addresses 15,17,and 19 were all once part of one big courtyard residence.  Originally, number 17 was the main central gate of the residence, and this courtyard the central courtyard of the mansion.  The courtyard was divided into east, central, and western parts, the current number 15 was the east courtyard of the mansion.  The buildings preserved today include a south-facing courtyard with three entrances.  Inside, facing the main gate, is a Suishan screen wall, and the first courtyard has a principal wing of 5 rooms, of the Yingshan style.  The north building of the second courtyard is divided into three rooms, one of which is an entry hall. A gallery wraps around the two courtyards. There is one hall with a Chuihua gate, that separates it from the third courtyard.  The third courtyard has a north wing of three rooms, a front porch behind the building, the two sides each have a small wing room, and the east and west wings each have three rooms.  The courtyard is surrounded by a uniformly-designed verandah.   The last courtyard’s rear “cover room” has another entrance onto Heizhima Hutong. The buildings here are all Yingshan style with “dragon-ridge roofing”.  During the Republic Period, the German Painting Academy was located here, and after the founding of the PRC in 1949 it became the Beijing People’s Art Pavilion.  It has since been occupied by the Beijing Art Academy.

15 Shajing Courtyard, main entrance to former residence of Kui Chen

15 Shajing Courtyard, main entrance to former residence of Kun Chui

Works Cited

Zhong, Jianwei (Beijing Dongcheng Gazetteer of Place Names)

Beijing City Cultural Heritage  Dongcheng District Cultural Heritage Volume

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