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Heritage Trail project

Shajing Hutong 沙井胡同

Exterior of 17 Shajing Hutong

Exterior of 17 Shajing Hutong

Introduction:

Shajing Hutong runs east-west, with a bend in the west section, Nanluoguxiang in the East, just southwest of Nanchiwazi Hutong, and to the north of Jingyang Hutong, to the south of Heizhima Hutong.  The entire length of the hutong is 294 meters, the average width 6 meters, the addresses on the two sides run from 3-31 and 2-26, missing number 1.  In the Ming dynasty it was part of Zhaohui Jing Gong Fang, an administrative area, and was called Shajiajing Hutong, or the Sha Family Well Hutong.  During the Qing dynasty it fell under the control of the Bordered Yellow Banner.  During the reign of Qianlong it had the same name, but during the time of Emperor Xuantong (Puyi) the alley was known as Shajing Hutong and this name has remained until today.

Kun Chui Old Residence (15 Shajing Hutong)

Shajing Hutong addresses 15,17,and 19 were all once part of one big courtyard residence.  Originally, number 17 was the main central gate of the residence, and this courtyard the central courtyard of the mansion.  The courtyard was divided into east, central, and western parts, the current number 15 was the east courtyard of the mansion.  The buildings preserved today include a south-facing courtyard with three entrances.  Inside, facing the main gate, is a Suishan screen wall, and the first courtyard has a principal wing of 5 rooms, of the Yingshan style.  The north building of the second courtyard is divided into three rooms, one of which is an entry hall. A gallery wraps around the two courtyards. There is one hall with a Chuihua gate, that separates it from the third courtyard.  The third courtyard has a north wing of three rooms, a front porch behind the building, the two sides each have a small wing room, and the east and west wings each have three rooms.  The courtyard is surrounded by a uniformly-designed verandah.   The last courtyard’s rear “cover room” has another entrance onto Heizhima Hutong. The buildings here are all Yingshan style with “dragon-ridge roofing”.  During the Republic Period, the German Painting Academy was located here, and after the founding of the PRC in 1949 it became the Beijing People’s Art Pavilion.  It has since been occupied by the Beijing Art Academy.

15 Shajing Courtyard, main entrance to former residence of Kui Chen

15 Shajing Courtyard, main entrance to former residence of Kun Chui

Works Cited

Zhong, Jianwei (Beijing Dongcheng Gazetteer of Place Names)

Beijing City Cultural Heritage  Dongcheng District Cultural Heritage Volume

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More about Chinese traditional architecture

Yu’er Hutong 雨儿胡同

Suzhou-style paintings and couplets 对联 adorn the gate of 10 Yu'er Hutong

Suzhou-style paintings and couplets 对联 adorn the gate of 10 Yu'er Hutong

Introduction

Stretching from east to west, Yu’er Hutong is about 343 meters long and 5 meters wide. It starts from Nanluoguxiang in the east, and ends at Dongbuyaqiao Hutong in the west. Suoyi Hutong is to the south and Yu’er is linked with Mao’er Hutong in the north. Addresses number 1 to No.45 and No.2 to No.34 on either side of the road. It was originally called “Yulong Hutong” in the Ming Dynasty, while part of the administrative district of the Zhaohui Jingzhong Fang. The present name “Yu’er Hutong” has been used since the Qing Dynasty, when it was under the administration of the Bordered Yellow Banner. This name was adopted by the government of the Republic of China. After the founding of the PRC, the name was changed several times, until 1979 when “Yu’er Hutong” was adopted once again.  Currently, the Jiaodaokou District Office of Dongcheng District and other such offices are located in this hutong.

According to the historical documents of Xiaoting Xu Lu, the house of Gongyebushu was located in Yu’er Hutong. (Fuguo Yebushu was the fourth prince of the Qingtaizong Emperor. He was given the title of Fuguogong in the eighth year of the Kangxi Emperor.)

The Former Residence of Qi Baishi: (No.13,Yu’er Hutong)

No.13 of Yu’er Hutong, together with No.11 and No.15, used to be the house of Dong Shuping, the president of Beihai Park, during the time of the Republic of China. His residence was called “The Dong Family Courtyard”. Later on, the land of the house was divided into several plots. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China the Ministry of Art and Culture bought the land containing No.13, and gave it to Qi Baishi (see below). However, Qi Baishi missed his old home in Xicheng District, and he soon moved back to Xicheng after living in Yu’er Hutong for a short period of time. No.13 was then made into a museum celebrating Qi Baishi. Eventually it was acquired by the Beijing Fine Art Academy. Now it houses the Editorial Department of Chinese Painting, a publication of the Beijing Fine Art Academy, and the official meeting place of the Chinese Artist Association. The residence is a registered cultural heritage site in Dongcheng District.

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Sunny Shadows: the Art of Chinese Shadow Puppet Play

In danger of becoming a forgotten craft, Chinese shadow puppetry is an exquisite form of storytelling that originated in the Han Dynasty. Not only is it a captivating and lively form of entertainment, but it is also an elegant folk art.

We want to introduce this gem of Chinese culture to today’s youth.  It is our hope that the kids will fall in love with shadow play, and as a result, gain greater appreciation and awareness for their cultural heritage. This way shadow art can be passed down and preserved through the generations.

Event Details:

1) Shadow play performance

2) Quiz portion for kids (with prizes)

3) Learn basic techniques from puppet masters

The afternoon’s event will be held at the newly renovated Shichahai Shadow Art Hotel, which boasts traditional-opera style décor and a magnificent shadow art theater.

Don’t miss this fun and educational opportunity to experience Chinese shadow play!

Date: Saturday, November 19th, 2011

Time: 4-5:30pm

Venue: No. 24  Song Shu Jie, Xicheng District, Beijing   (Shichahai Shadow Art Performance Hotel)

(北京市西城区松树街胡同24号)

Ticket: Children (ages 4+) and parents – 40RMB; Members – free

Register via chpnews@163.com or (010) 6403 6532.

Please include your name, contact information, and number of attendees.

*Reminder: There is very limited parking space in the area. We strongly suggest you find another form of transportation besides driving.

Map of Venue

Map of Venue

Fuxiang Hutong 福祥胡同

Introduction

Fuxiang Hutong starts at Nanluoguxiang in the east and ends at Dongyabudao Hutong in the west, with Suoyi Hutong in the north and Di’anmen East Avenue in the south. It is 255 metres in length with an average width of 5 metres.  Odd address numbers range from 1 to 29—though there is no 21. Even address numbers range from 2 to 10, with the number  6 and 8 likewise absent. It was formerly a part of Zhaohuijinggong district (Fang). In the Ming dynasty it was called Fuxiangsi Street, after the famous Fuxiang temple located in the Hutong. In Qing dynasty, it fell under the jurisdiction of the Bordered Yellow Banner and was called Houfuxiangsi Hutong. During the Xuantong period, it was changed to “Fuxiangsi” and the name remained during the Republican period. However the area underwent several names changes in the years following the founding of the PRC. After 1979 it reverted back to Fuxiangsi Hutong.

According to historical records Shuntian Fu (zhi), Fuxiangsi was a part of the Jinggong District (Jinggong Fang), and a commemorative stele indicates that it was founded by an imperial order.  According to the Shuntian Fu records in years of Emperor Guangxu, Fuxiang temple was built by an imperial order in the 11th year of the reign of Emperor Hongzhi (1498) in the Ming dynasty.  It was restored in the third year of Zhengde (1508) and the 41st year of Wanli (1613). There were three steles dating from Ming dynasty: one was written by Liyu in the 11th year of Hongzhi, the second one was written by a consultative official (shijiang) Shenshou in Wuchen Year of Emperor Zhengde, the third one was written by the grand secretary (daxueshi) Zhao Zhigao in The Guichou Year of Emperor Wanli

Former Shanmen Gate of Fuxiang Temple, Now a Residential Courtyard

Fuxiang Temple

Fuxiang temple is located in No. 25 Fuxiang Hutong. According to Shuntian Fu Records of the Guangxu Period, “Research on Beijing” (Yan du cong kao) A stele was dedicated in Fuxiang temple by an imperial order in the 11th year of Huzhi (1498), and “Preface on the Abbots of Fuxiang Temple (Mingseng lu si zuo jue yi shou yu gong zhu chi Fuxiangsi xu) ” in the 21st year of Wanli (1592), Fuxiang temple was established in the first year of the reign of Emperor Zhengtong (1436) in the Ming dynasty. This place originally belonged to a eunuch named Wu, and he rebuilt it into a temple and presented it to Emperor Yingzong for his birthday. It was named “Fuxiang temple” by the emperor. In the ninth year of Hongzhi (1496), Marschall (Yuma jian) eunuch Zhudang donated money and restored the temple, and the temple was subsequently restored in the third year of Zhengde (1508) and Wanli (1613) in Ming dynasty. In the second year of Yongzheng (1724), after the emperor had suppressed a rebellion in Qinhai, an envoy of Xihutuketu came to Beijing and purchased this temple as a travel lodge. It was then turned into a lamasery and called Hongren Temple.

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Suoyi Hutong 蓑衣胡同

Suoyi Hutong runs from east to west. It begins at Nanluoguxiang in the east and connects with Fuxiang Hutong to the south at its west end. Yu’er Hutong is located to the north. It is 295 meters in length and 3 meters in width. Odd address numbers range from 3 to 33, and even address numbers range from 2 to 14. It was formerly part of the Zhaohuijinggong District (Fang) in the Ming dynasty and was called Shayisi Hutong, named after the famous Shayi temple (shayi si). In the reign of Xuantong in the Qing dynasty, the area was called Suoyi Hutong, and the name remained during the Republican period. It underwent several names changes, ultimately reverting back to “Suoyi Hutong” in 1979.

According to historical records in “A Collection of Districts, Alleys, and Hutong in five squares” (Wu cheng fang xiang hutong ji), the Zhaohui District (Fang) and Jinggong District (Fang) were located to the east of Beianmen. There were 40 shops and several temples including Yuan’en temple, Fuxiang temple, and Shayi temple.

According to the “Records of districts and alleys in Beijing” (Jing shi fang xiang zhi gao), a “Shayi temple” was established in the area but the name “Shayi” was mistakenly pronounced as “Suoyi” by people in old times, and so the hutong was called “Suoyi” after the temple.

Suoyi Hutong at its narrowest section

Suoyi Hutong at its narrowest section

The Residence of Puren (No.2 Suoyi Hutong)

This residence belongs to the family of Puren’s second wife, Zhang Maoying. She was the daughter of the celebrated collector of cultural relics, Zhang Shucheng. The house is comprised of a front courtyard and a back courtyard. The front yard is mainly used for storage while the principal room in the back yard is Puren’s residence.

Aisin Gioro Puren (1918- ), also known as Jin Youzhi, is the younger brother of the last emperor of the Qing dynasty, Aisin Gioro Puyi. He was born in the Prince Chun Palace (now known as Soong Ching-ling’s residence) in Shichahai, Beijing. Puren lived with Prince Chun (Zai Feng) and began his education in Chinese classics, literature and painting when he was very young. He established the public Beijing Jingye Primary School in the Prince Chun Palace in 1947, with his father’s support.  He, his father and his sister served as the headmaster, Chief executive, and the teacher respectively. After the liberation of China in 1949, he donated the school to the government and remained there as a teacher until 1988 when he retired. He dedicated half of his life to Chinese education and after that he devoted himself to studying the Qing dynasty. He has published “The Life, Study and Martial Arts Practicing of Princes in the Late Qing Dynasty”, Nananxingde, with his poems collection Tongzhitang Ji, “Culinary Traditions and Medical Treatment in Princely Palaces of the Late Qing Dynasty,” and “Memoirs of Prince Chun Palace” etc. He also edited his father’s works such as “The Diaries of Shide”. Mr. Puren was elected successively to be a deputy to the National People’s Congress of Xicheng district, a member to the Political Consultative Conference of the district, and a member of the Beijing 7th, 8th, and 9th Political Consultative Conference. In 1994, he was appointed by the Beijing Municipal government as a member of the Central Research Institute of Culture and History.

References:

Zhong Jianwei, Dongcheng Diming zhi (Dongcheng Gazetteer of Place Names)

Li Tiesheng, Zhang Endong, Nanluoguxiang Shihua (Histories of Nanluoguxiang)

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